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Judging The Right Time to Sow Seeds For Your Organic Garden

Sow seed for organic garden
Judging The Right Time to Sow Seeds For Your Organic Garden

You need to know exactly when to sow seed for your organic garden. Now that you have learnt the basics of the potting mixture, composting and right choice of pots, the right time to sow seeds will make you a better gardener.

In India we have three different weather conditions –

The summer from March to June, Rainy Season from July to November and Winter from December to February.

ANd accordingly the veggies vary too. I am attempting to give a month by month list of veggies you can sow each month.

Expert Tips

  1. If you prepare seedlings earlier you can get advantage of longer harvest period
  2. Always try to win over a season by being ready with all inputs before the season commences
  3. Make sure you have the knowledge of pests and diseases that may occur in that particular season.

I am starting my Sowing Calendar from April, so that if you are begining now you will have the maximum benefit from it. I shall also make a printable format so that you could print it out and use later.

Monthly Calender

Month North India South India
April Cucumber, Melons, Beans, Capsicum, Corn, Herbs , Lettuce, Coriander, Mint, Peppers, Squash Onions, Amaranthus, Coriander, Gourds, Okra, Tomato, Chilly, Herbs
May Onion, Pepper, Brinjal, Okra, coriander Okra, Onion, Chilli, herbs
June All gourds, Brinjal, Cucumber, Cauliflower (Early), Okra, Onion, Garden beans, bush beans,Tomato,Peppe Gourds, Brinjal, Chillies, Okra, Beans, Almost all above ground vegetables and herbs
July All gourds, Cucumber, Okra, bush beans, Tomato, greens All above ground vegetables
August Carrot, Cauliflower, Radish, Tomato, Cabbage Carrot, Cauliflower, Beans, Beet, cabbage


Cabbage, Carrot, Cauliflower, Peas, Radish, Tomato, Lettuce Cauliflower, Cucumber, Onion,Peas,Spinach
October Beet, Brinjal, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Lettuce, Peas, Radish, Spinach, Turnip Brinjal, Cabbage,Capsicum,Cucumber, Beans,Peas, Spinach, Turnip, Watermelon
November Turnip, Tomato, Radish, Pepper, Peas, Beet Beet, Eggplant, Cabbage, Carrot, Beans, Lettuce, Melon, Okra, Turnip
December Tomato, Bengal gram, Greens, cabbage, cauliflower, radish, carrot Lettuce, Pumpkin, Watermelon, Muskmelon, Ash gourd, Ridge gourd, Bitter gourd, Bottle gourd, Cucumber, Chilly, Cabbage,
January Brinjal, Tomato, Okra Lettuce,Spinach, Gourds, Melons, Radish, Carrot, Onion, Tomato,Okra,Brinjal, Bean
February Applegourd, Bittergourd, Bottle gourd, Cucumber, French Beans, Okra, Sponge, Gourd, Watermelon, Spinach Greens, herbs, menlons, Gourds
March Melons – both water melon and pumpkins, ash gourd and other gourds, cucumber, gerkins Amaranthus, Coriander, Gourds, Beans, Melons, Spinach, Okra

Well, with that list done, I would like to reiterate that you can easily win over the season if you do the right crop practices and maintain a temperature that would be suitable.

I have cauliflower and strawberry growing in my garden in 42 degrees here. Its just practice and you can easily get your harvest any month.

I have not given any fruit crops here, You can expect that list soon too. On fact by the end of this month I would have easily educated you about a whole lot of things you can grow in one small terrace or a patch of land.

I also am planning to give a plan to insert in your veggies and fruits in your organic terrace garden.

Well, here is a list of the ideal temperature ranges for each vegetable crop which will be useful if you want to sow them in a different timezone.

Temperature Requirements


Vegetable Ideal C Range C Direct/ Transplant North India South India
Tinda 25 20-30 Direct Feb-Mar/ Jun-Jul Feb-Mar/ Jun-Jul
Beet 20 Oct-30 Direct Oct-Nov Aug-Nov
Bittergourd 25 20-30 Direct Feb-March/ June-July Nov-Dec/ Dec-Jan/ Jun-July
Bottlegourd 25 20-30 Direct Feb-March/ June-July Nov-Dec/ Dec-Jan/ Jun-July
Brinjal/ Eggplant 30 21-35 Transplant Jan-Feb/ May-Jun/ Oct-Nov Jun-Jul/ Oct-Nov/ Jan-Feb
Cabbage 20 Oct-20 Transplant Sep-Oct Jun-Jul/ Oct-Nov
Capsicum 21 15-25 Transplant Nov-Jan Jul-Aug/ Oct-Nov/ Jan-Feb
Carrot 25 Oct-30 Direct Aug-Sep-Oct Aug-Nov
Cauliflower (early) 25 25-27 Transplant Mid-June Jun-Jul/ Aug-Sep
Cauliflower (late) 18 16-20 Transplant Aug-Sep-Oct Jun-Jul
Cauliflower (midseason) 15 <16 Transplant Sep-Oct Jun-Jul/ Aug-Sep
Cucumber 16 16-32 Direct Feb-March/ June-July Jun-July/ Sep-Oct/ Dec-Jan
Frenchbeans 20 16-30 Direct Feb-March
Lettuce 20 Jul-27 Transplant Sep-Oct Oct-Dec
Melon 27 22-32 Direct Jan-Feb Oct-Jan
Okra 25 20-32 Direct Feb-Mar/ Jun-Jul Jan-Feb/ May-Jun/ Oct-Dec
Onion 22 Oct-32 Transplant May-Jun Mar-Apr/ May-June/ Sep-Oct
Peas 22 Oct-22 Direct Sep-Oct, Nov Sep-Oct, Nov
Pepper 30 18-32 Transplant Nov-Jan/ May-Jun Jan-Feb/ May-Jun/ Oct-Nov
Radish 30 Oct-30 Direct Aug-Jan (Depending
Sembeans 30 25-35 Direct Jun-Jul Jun-Jul, Aug
Spinach 22 Oct-22 Direct Sep-Nov/ Feb Sep, Oct, Nov
Spongegourd 22 20-30 Direct Feb-Mar/ Jun-Jul Feb-Mar/ Jun-Jul/ Oct-Nov
Tomato 30 20-30 Transplant Jun-Aug/ Nov-Dec Jan-Feb/ Jun-Jul/ Oct-Nov
Turnip 30 15-35 Direct Oct-Nov Oct-Nov
Watermelon 30 20-30 Direct Jan-Mar Oct-Jan








































I am taking part in #atozchallenge

Dr Menaka Bharathi
Dr Menaka Bharathi
Dr Menaka Bharathi aka Simple Indian Mom is an Agricultural Microbiologist and helps moms to keep their family and kids naturally healthy both mentally and physically.


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